‘Let The Games Begin…’

“If they’re going to build the dam, let’s go and blockade it”, elder Maisie Metecheah said… “I’m not afraid. I don’t care if I go to jail. This is my land. I’m going to save my land.”     

“…Treaty 8 member practising and being Stewarts of this land…”

ERBLLetTheGamesBegin800x800‘Three arrested at Site C demonstration in support of ‘First Nations’ protest camp’ 

“…One person was taken into custody shortly after 10 a.m., according to an RCMP media release. It states that individual along with another demonstrator were blocking vehicles from entering a private work site related to the BC Hydro project…

http://fortstjohn.bc.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/ViewPage.action?siteNodeId=2087&languageId=1&contentId=44696 

“Roughly two hours later, shortly after 12 p.m., RCMP responded to another call about demonstrators blocking traffic. The release states two members of that group failed to comply with instructions to move to the side of the road and, after being given “ample warning”, were taken into RCMP custody…  

“…the January 6 demonstration on the roadway was in support of another group of protesters who have formed an encampment at the Rocky Mountain Fort on the west side of the Moberly River near Fort St. John. 

“A ‘Prince George Citizen’ report describes that group as members of the ‘Prophet River ‘First Nation’ {a ‘nation’ of 270 people} who have established the camp in opposition to the dam’s construction…  

“The provincial government approved the ‘Site C’ dam for construction in December, 2014. The megaproject estimated to cost $8.8 billion will be built on a section of the Peace River roughly seven kilometres southwest of Fort St. John…” 

–‘Three arrested at ‘Site C’ demonstration in support of ‘First Nations’ protest camp’ ,

Travis Lupick, Georgia Straight, January 7th, 2016  

http://www.straight.com/news/610411/three-arrested-site-c-demonstration-support-first-nations-protest-camp

http://www.alaskahighwaynews.ca/regional-news/site-c/former-prrd-director-hadland-arrested-at-site-c-protest-1.2145055

http://www.alaskahighwaynews.ca/regional-news/site-c/two-more-arrested-at-site-c-protest-charges-possible-1.2145560 

(Vancouver Sun)
(Vancouver Sun)

“Three protesters arrested for blocking traffic at a ‘Site C’ dam protest were released from cells at the Fort St. John RCMP detachment Wednesday night… 

“The protesters say the dam, the largest and most expensive in B.C. history, should not move forward without resolution of ‘First Nations’ and landowner lawsuits aimed at blocking the project. They’ve called on the new federal government to review previous government decisions to approve ‘Site C’. 

“The most recent round of demonstrations are to support campers at the Rocky Mountain Fort, a historic site where protesters are blocking logging equipment on the Peace River’s south bank… 

“Site C spokesperson Dave Conway did not know Wednesday whether the blockade affected construction…  

‘Camp not budging’

“Meanwhile, dam opponents are organizing trips to the remote Rocky Mountain Fort to resupply the camp with food and relieve the people living there. 

“The group of mostly ‘First Nations’ people is calling itself the ‘Treaty 8 Stewards of the Land’, according to a statement, and say they  

    “will not permit BC Hydro to proceed with plans to clear-cut forests around the Rocky Mountain Fort.” 

“They say they are “prepared to face arrest” to “protect their {ancestors’ former} ‘traditional territory’.” 

“The group says the dam will impact treaty rights to hunt, fish, trap and engage in other traditional activities. 

    “How Prime Minister Justin Trudeau handles the dam will be “a critical litmus test of his government’s promised new relationship with {so-called} ‘Indigenous Peoples’.” 

http://gorillaradioblog.blogspot.ca/2016/01/peace-valley-insurrection-treaty-8.html 

“The fort, at the mouth of the Moberly River, lies more than 80 kilometres north of Chetwynd on the Jackfish Lake Road, much of which is unpaved and unplowed.  CharleyBrownAndTheSnowmen“There were between four and six people at the camp at last report.  

“Art Napoleon, a Saulteau ‘First Nations’ member, was among those who helped set up the encampment. 

    “Before, it was a lot of talk, a lot of rhetoric. Now, people are finally taking some action”, he told the ‘Alaska Highway News’. “I think there will be a lot more, there are a lot of people who have been riding the fence”, he said. “They’ve been told ‘oh this is a good deal, we get this work.'” 

“He added that the development would open up the back country with roads and right-of-ways for power lines, contributing to the “obliteration” of lands and animal populations. 

‘Hydro’s next move unclear’

“Whether Hydro will seek a court injunction to remove the camp remains to be seen. 

    “At this time, there are a small number of protesters who have set up a camp on the south bank of the dam site”, Conway wrote. “We are hopeful this can be resolved. We are in discussions with the protesters and local authorities to allow us to resume construction activities in this area.” 

“He said all other construction work on ‘Site C’ continues.

“BC Hydro is evaluating all options and will continue to monitor the situation.”  

–‘Site C’ protesters released, camp prepared for arrests’,

Jonny Wakefield, Alaska Highway News, January 7, 2016  

http://www.alaskahighwaynews.ca/regional-news/site-c/site-c-protesters-released-camp-prepared-for-arrests-1.2145976 

http://energeticcity.ca/article/news/2016/01/06/rcmp-confirm-three-arrested-after-protests-at-site-c-construction-site SiteCprotestSigns“The protests against ‘Site C’ are ramping up. Roughly a dozen people have occupied the historic Rocky Mountain Fort since mid-December, despite an eviction notice from Hydro.  

“Esther Pedersen, who was protesting Wednesday, said she’d likely be joining that group next week. 

“She told the ‘Alaska Highway News’ she’s also ready to be arrested.  

    “Yep. At some point, probably down at the camp,” she said.”  

http://www.alaskahighwaynews.ca/regional-news/site-c/former-prrd-director-hadland-arrested-at-site-c-protest-1.2145055 

http://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/first-nations-prepare-for-arrest-to-stop-site-c-dam-564495361.html 

 “A charter helicopter lifted a survival trailer with a wood stove and bunk house, shown here, to the site in late December.” (Rocky Mtn Fort camp--Photo Helen Knott)
“A charter helicopter lifted a survival trailer with a wood stove and bunk house, shown here, to the site in late December.” (Rocky Mtn Fort camp–Photo Helen Knott)

“’First Nations’ protesting the construction of the $9-billion ‘Site C’ dam in northeastern British Columbia are preparing for their own arrests while they implore Prime Minister Justin Trudeau intervene to stop the hydroelectric project… 

“The timber needs to be cleared before birds move in for nesting in the spring, and provincial Energy Minister Bill Bennett said the delay would make the project more expensive…  

“Bennett added that government agrees construction should proceed despite outstanding court cases. He said those in opposition appear to be using the legal system as a stalling tactic and also noted the courts have mostly sided with the utility. 

    “Opponents have been stating their case for a long time, but “the fact of the matter is the majority of people in the province don’t agree with them”, Bennett said. 

“About 75% of the 600 workers currently on the site are from B.C., Bennett added.”  

–‘B.C. Site C dam protesters dig in and prepare for arrest’,

Keven Drews, The Canadian Press, Jan. 07, 2016  

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/site-c-protesters-arrests-1.3394523 

http://www.vancouversun.com/business/hydro+orders+protesters+land+slated+logging+near+site/11629945/story.html 

Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs, arrives for a news conference where he voiced his opposition to the Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline in Vancouver, B.C., on Monday July 30, 2012. (THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck)
Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs, arrives for a news conference where he voiced his opposition to the Enbridge Northern Gateway pipeline in Vancouver, B.C., on Monday July 30, 2012. (THE CANADIAN PRESS/Darryl Dyck)

‘Grand chief to BC Hydro: ‘back off’  

“Saying the utility was “reckless” and escalating tensions, Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs Grand Chief Stewart Phillip called on BC Hydro to “back off” a ‘First Nations’ encampment near ‘Site C’ dam construction Friday.   

“On Friday, the UBCIC issued a release supporting a small group of campers living on the south bank of the Peace River at Rocky Mountain Fort, an 18th-century fur trade post that will be inundated beneath the $8.8 billion project’s reservoir.  

“A day after three people were arrested for blocking traffic at worksite entrances on the project’s north bank, Phillip wrote the UBCIC is  

    “deeply concerned that BC Hydro’s actions are increasing tensions on the ground.”  

    “Yesterday, BC Hydro moved equipment in toward the camp, despite publicly saying they are speaking they are speaking with Site C dam protesters and local authorities to try to peacefully end the standoff”, Phillip said in the release.  

    “Further provocations on the part of BC Hydro will only serve to escalate tensions in an already volatile situation.” 

“In late December, Hydro posted an eviction notice on a bunkhouse at the site, located upstream from the Moberly River. The bunkhouse was reportedly airlifted to the site by charter helicopter.  

“Dam opponents have since manned the camp around the clock, turning back logging equipment attempting to establish a foothold on the upstream bank of the Moberly.  

“In the release, Phillip wrote that BC Hydro should cease construction until legal challenges aimed at blocking the dam are decided. He said the project should also be reviewed by the ‘B.C. Utilities Commission’, the province’s energy regulator. The B.C. government exempted ‘Site C’ from further review by the commission.  

“Earlier this week, Phillip said he was considering a trip north to support the Rocky Mountain Fort…” {And that’s not ‘escalating tensions’?}

–‘Grand chief to BC Hydro: ‘back off’,

Jonny Wakefield, Alaska Highway News,  January 8, 2016   

http://www.alaskahighwaynews.ca/regional-news/site-c/grand-chief-to-bc-hydro-back-off-1.2146850 rocky-mountain-fort-site-eviction-notice“BC Hydro says it’s speaking with ‘Site C’ dam protesters and local authorities to try to end a standoff on the south bank of the Peace River. 

“A handful of protesters have been camped at the Rocky Mountain Fort site since mid-December. On Dec. 30, Hydro posted an eviction notice at the camp, and PROTESTERS HAVE TURNED BACK CREWS clearing the south bank of the river for construction on the $8.8-billion hydroelectric project… 

“Protesters maintain ‘Site C’ should not move forward until lawsuits aimed at blocking the project are resolved. They also call on Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to take a fresh look at the dam. 

“Site C opponent Ken Boon, who has been at the camp since last Wednesday, said there were four to six people off and on at the site, which includes a heated bunk house. 

“He said three Hydro representatives recently arrived by boat to talk about the situation, and then left. 

    “This is the line in the snow I guess”, Boon said. “We’re just going to hold down the fort, so to speak.”

“While protesters turned back logging equipment Monday, they had had no contact with workers as of early Tuesday afternoon. 

“The temperature sat at around -20 C in the valley, Boon said. 

“Whether the protest will attract the attention of activists and ‘First Nations’ leaders in other parts of the province remains to be seen. 

“Grand Chief {and anti-Canadian race activist} Stewart Phillip of the ‘Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs’ said his organization supported the lawsuits against Site C, adding the project should be reviewed by the ‘B.C. Utilities Commission’. 

    “We take issue with and reject BC Hydro’s ‘thuggish tactics’ {‘enforcing the law’} in ramming this project forward, in spite of the fact there are outstanding court cases”, he said. “So, there’s a good chance I’ll be up in the area.” 

“Phillip was arrested at a protest against the ‘Kinder Morgan’ pipeline in Burnaby in 2014. 

“It is unclear whether the protest has significantly delayed clearing on the south bank, which is set to continue for the next several months. In court documents, the Crown corporation estimated a one-year delay of Site C would cost $335 million {for which they should sue the Treaty 8 ‘nations’, for Treaty violations – see below}…}. 

“Two Treaty 8 ‘First Nations’ have sought injunctions on the project, which would flood 83-kilometres of river valley.”  

–‘BC Hydro evaluating options on protest encampment’,

Jonny Wakefield, Alaska Highway News, January 6, 2016  

http://www.alaskahighwaynews.ca/regional-news/site-c/bc-hydro-evaluating-options-on-protest-encampment-1.2144933 

(Adrian Wyld--THE CANADIAN PRESS)
(Adrian Wyld–THE CANADIAN PRESS)

  “Prophet River ‘First Nation’ member and fort occupier Helen Knott notes that Treaty 8 leaders recently raised their constitutional concerns about the project with the new Trudeau Government in Ottawa.  

    “The Prime Minister says that Canada’s most important relationship is with its ‘Indigenous Peoples’ and that he promises to uphold and respect Treaty Rights”, says Knott. 

    “This is what we are trying to do at a grassroots level. I speak as Great Great Granddaughter of Chief Bigfoot, the last to sign ‘Treaty 8’ in 1911, and I am trying to honour my Grandfather’s original intent and uphold those rights he meant to protect. I ask Prime Minister Trudeau to also honour that original intent.”  

–‘The next Burnaby Mountain? ‘Site C’ Dam opponents dig in their heels’,

Damien Gillis, ‘Common Sense Canadian’, January 7, 2016   

http://commonsensecanadian.ca/the-next-burnaby-mountain-site-c-dam-opponents-dig-in-their-heels/ 

Treaty 8 (1900)
Treaty 8 (1900)

‘Treaty 8’, like most of the Treaties, allows the resident Indians to hunt and fish on their “traditional lands” AS LONG AS THE AREA IS NOT NEEDED FOR DEVELOPMENT. WHEN DEVELOPMENT OCCURS, COMPENSATION IS PROVIDED IF THE DEVELOPMENT USES RESERVE LAND; HOWEVER, THE DECISION AS TO WHETHER TO DEVELOP DOES NOT BELONG TO THE INDIANS — OR THE COURTS.

Here are the relevant sections from ‘Treaty 8’:


“AND WHEREAS, the said Commissioners have proceeded to negotiate a treaty with the Cree, Beaver, Chipewyan and other Indians, inhabiting the district hereinafter defined and described, and the same has been agreed upon and concluded by the respective bands at the dates mentioned hereunder, the said Indians DO HEREBY CEDE, RELEASE, SURRENDER AND YIELD UP to the Government of the Dominion of Canada, for Her Majesty the Queen and Her successors for ever, all their rights, titles and privileges whatsoever, to the lands included within the following limits…
 

“AND ALSO the said Indian rights, titles and privileges whatsoever to all other lands wherever situated in the Northwest Territories, British Columbia, or in any other portion of the Dominion of Canada. 

“TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the same to Her Majesty the Queen and Her successors for ever. 

“And Her Majesty the Queen HEREBY AGREES with the said Indians that they shall have right to pursue their usual vocations of hunting, trapping and fishing throughout the tract surrendered as heretofore described, subject to such regulations as may from time to time be made by the Government of the country, acting under the authority of Her Majesty, and SAVING AND EXCEPTING SUCH TRACTS AS MAY BE REQUIRED OR TAKEN UP FROM TIME TO TIME FOR SETTLEMENT, MINING, LUMBERING, TRADING OR OTHER PURPOSES…  

“It is further agreed between Her Majesty and Her said Indian subjects that such portions of the RESERVES…as may at any time be required for public works, buildings, railways, or roads of whatsoever nature may be appropriated for that purpose by Her Majesty’s Government of the Dominion of Canada, due compensation being made to the Indians for the value of any improvements thereon, and an equivalent in land, money or other consideration for the area of the reserve so appropriated. 

“And the undersigned Cree, Beaver, Chipewyan and other Indian Chiefs and Headmen, on their own behalf and on behalf of all the Indians whom they represent, DO HEREBY SOLEMNLY PROMISE and engage to strictly observe this Treaty, and also TO CONDUCT AND BEHAVE THEMSELVES AS GOOD AND LOYAL SUBJECTS of Her Majesty the Queen. 

“THEY PROMISE AND ENGAGE THAT THEY WILL, IN ALL RESPECTS, OBEY AND ABIDE BY THE LAW; that they will maintain peace between each other, and between themselves and other tribes of Indians, and between themselves and others of Her Majesty’s subjects, whether Indians, half-breeds or whites, this year inhabiting and hereafter to inhabit any part of the said ceded territory; and that THEY WILL NOT MOLEST THE PERSON OR PROPERTY of any inhabitant of such ceded tract, or of any other district or country, OR INTERFERE WITH OR TROUBLE ANY PERSON PASSING OR TRAVELLING THROUGH  the said tract or any part thereof, and that THEY WILL ASSIST THE OFFICERS OF HER MAJESTY IN BRINGING TO JUSTICE AND PUNISHMENT ANY INDIAN offending against the stipulations of this Treaty or INFRINGING THE LAW IN FORCE in the country so ceded.”  

http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100028813/1100100028853 

(Yvonne Tupper-Facebook)
(Yvonne Tupper-Facebook)

“The bush camp is a half hour hike from a newly-built temporary ‘Site C’ bridge. Protesters say the camp has neither cell service nor road access. Yvonne Tupper, a Saulteau ‘First Nation’ woman from Chetwynd, says she hikes in from a rough back road. She says protesters are keeping warm in the bitter cold with wood fires, while sleeping in tents, lean-tos, and a hand-built trailer. 

    “We’re not carrying weapons or anything; we’re having a peaceful protest to identify our lands and post that this is Treaty 8 territory and you’re trespassing”, said Tupper.

{It’s precisely because it’s ‘Treaty 8 territory’ that they are NOT trespassing…}

“In a video exchange dated January 2 and posted on social media, Tupper, dressed in a toque and snowsuit and another protester speak on a snowy bridge with a man who identifies himself as a construction site security guard. The man tells them they have to leave “the active work site.”  The women notify him he is “trespassing” on Treaty 8 land.  

“North District RCMP Corporal Dave Tyreman says police have not been contacted. Tyreman responded to an inquiry from ‘CBC News’ by advising,   

    “You would have to inquire with BC Hydro, as they have their own security.”  

“Construction of the almost $9-billion project is touted to generate about 10,000 jobs while it floods 55 square kilometres of river valley between Fort St John and Hudson’s Hope. 

“Proponents say Site C will boost Hydro’s energy supply by eight per cent…”

–‘First Nations’ land occupation aims to stop Site C’,
Betsy Trumpener, CBC News, Jan 05, 2016  

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/first-nations-land-occupation-aims-to-stop-site-c-1.3391051
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
“Being Treaty 8 member practising and being Stewarts of this land…”

https://www.facebook.com/yvonne.tupper Treaty8mapFrom Jan., 2014:

‘First Nations’ ready to set up blockades if Site C dam approved’:  

“Public hearings in aboriginal communities over B.C. Hydro’s $7.9-billion proposal concluded in Halfway River ‘First Nation’, where band members and elders said they’re united “shoulder to shoulder” to stop the flooding of the Peace River valley.  

    “If they’re going to build the dam, let’s go and blockade it”, elder Maisie Metecheah said in her presentation to the panel. “I’m not afraid. I don’t care if I go to jail. This is my land. I’m going to save my land.”

“Hydro is seeking to build a 60-metre earth dam and 1,100-megawatt generating station seven kilometres southwest from downtown Fort St. John. The dam would create a reservoir that would flood 83 kilometres of the Peace River and 14 kilometres of the Halfway River. 

“Site C would host the third dam on the Peace, and add 10% of electrical capacity to the provincial energy grid, which Hydro says is needed to meet a forecast 40% spike in demand over the next 20 years.  

“Since hearings began in December, ‘Treaty 8’ members have laid bare their frustrations at seeing their traditional hunting, gathering and spiritual lands being bulldozed by industrial interests.  

    “This is a new era in ‘Indian Country’”, said Halfway band member Gerry Hunter. “You can only push people so far before something is going to happen.” {That cuts both ways…} 

“Halfway River Chief Darlene Hunter called the Peace River the “heartland” of ‘Treaty 8’ territory, which stretches 840,000 square kilometres across B.C., Alberta, Saskatchewan and the Northwest Territories…   

“Hydro says it’s been given a mandate from the province to negotiate with ‘First Nations’ to mitigate and compensate for the impacts ‘Site C’ is anticipated to have.  

“Hydro has been in negotiations with Treaty 8 ‘nations’ since 2007, and says it is willing to mitigate the impacts of the project on ‘First Nations’ through fish and wildlife habitat projects, Crown land transfers, the creation of a database of rare plants, monitoring of mercury levels in fish stocks and education and employment opportunities. Hydro has also committed itself to future negotiations…   

“Allisun Rana, lawyer for the ‘Treaty 8 Tribal Association’, says ‘First Nations’ are facing a lonely battle to protect ‘century-old treaty rights’, and says many members feel that ‘Site C’ has already been approved…   

“It’s going to have a profound effect when the federal government makes a decision on whether or not to approve this project”, said Rana. “They have to consult, they know they do, and they’ve said that they are, but the only face of the federal government that ‘First Nations’ have seen has been the environmental assessment panel…”  

“West Moberly band chief Roland Willson said ‘First Nations’ would bring the fight to the government no matter how unwilling the latter is to cooperate.  

    “They’re not going to rush forward. We’re eventually going to have to drag them in, and there are ways of dragging them in”, he said. “If the treaties won’t bring them here, we’ll bring them in with something else.”   

“Harry Swain, chair of the ‘Joint Review Panel’, reiterated the role of the independent panel is to gather information on the dam’s impact on asserted or established treaty rights, and make recommendations to mitigate or avoid those effects.  

“He told the audience members that the panel can’t make any determination on the scope or strength of aboriginal treaty rights, and can’t make a determination on whether the Crown has met its duty to consult with ‘First Nations’, he said…   

“The ‘Joint Review Panel’ will issue a report of its findings by spring… If approved, the dam is expected to become operational by 2025…”   

{The Panel approved the Site ‘C’ project:

https://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/050/documents/p63919/99174E.pdf } 

–‘First Nations’ ready to set up blockades if Site C dam approved’,
Matt Preprost, Dawson Creek Daily News, January 8, 2014

http://www.timescolonist.com/news/first-nations-ready-to-set-up-blockades-if-site-c-dam-approved-1.782137

https://www.facebook.com/ENDRACEBASEDLAW/posts/434009943367911 editIndiansVowToStopBCDamConstruction600From 2013:

“B.C. Hydro’s planned $7.9-billion ‘Site C’ dam has caused a split among ‘Treaty 8’ ‘First Nations’ over whether to fight the mega-project tooth and nail {which violates the Treaty terms}, or participate in negotiations leading to compensation settlements.  

“As a joint review panel begins an environmental review of ‘Site C’ Monday on behalf of the provincial and federal governments, four  ‘First Nations’ communities have banded together to fight the project — Doig River, Halfway River, Prophet River, and West Moberly.  

“Three other ‘Treaty 8’ ‘First Nations’ — Blueberry River, Saulteau, and McLeod Lake — have agreed to negotiate for compensation and have been offered “impact benefit agreements,” confirmed Dave Conway, B.C. Hydro community relations manager in Fort St. John.  

    “B.C. Hydro remains prepared to enter into discussions with the four remaining ‘First Nations’”, he said.  

“Liz Logan, Tribal Chief with the ‘Treaty 8 Tribal Association’, said in response:  

    “Negotiating a benefits agreement for ‘Site C’ is incomprehensible because this project and its impacts violate our treaty rights and you cannot attach a dollar value to that.”

{It does NOT violate Treaty rights — see above…}

 “She said that impacts from existing dams on the Peace River have not been addressed and that B.C. Hydro’s tactic is “disrespectful to the people and families that felt the impacts of the past projects.”  

    “Impact benefit agreements are for ‘First Nations’ whose “treaty rights may be adversely affected by the project in ways that cannot be fully avoided or otherwise mitigated”, Conway added. Compensation could involve money, land, employment and contracting of work.  

{Again, in the actual Treaty, there is NOTHING about ‘Treaty Rights’ to ‘Impact Benefits’ for any development on the surrendered land. The ONLY compensation is for when RESERVE land is used; so, let’s call these by their name – payoffs, so that these tribes will ALLOW legal development on Crown land to go ahead…} 

“B.C. Hydro agreements in recent years with two other native groups over historic damages associated with the W.A.C. Bennett dam, built in 1967, and the Williston reservoir, hint at the sort of settlements that might be possible downstream on the Peace River at ‘Site C’. {Except that those were tribes that hadn’t already surrendered their ‘traditional territories’ through treaty. Here, no ‘settlement’ – ultimately at public expense – is required.} 

“In a 2009 agreement, the Tsay Keh Dene received a one-time payment of $20.9 million — most of which was to be placed in an endowment fund — and annual payments of about $2 million to support a wide range of social, cultural and governance programs. Other benefits include “direct award contracting opportunities” {granting of race-based contracts for a public project}, assurances regarding annual road maintenance and capacity funding to allow the community to engage in discussions regarding impacts of new B.C. Hydro projects on the community.  

“In 2008, the Kwadacha ‘First Nation’ received a one-time payment of $15 million and annual payments of $1.6 million. In both cases, the settlements followed legal action by the ‘First Nations’…  

“B.C. Hydro’s mandate is to make sure all communities affected — but particularly ‘First Nations’ — are in some way compensated or get a share of the benefits, he said.  

    “That’s something we’re working hard on with the ‘Treaty 8’ ‘First Nations’. What you hope for, over time, is that they see the project doesn’t have all the negative environmental impacts they think it might have.” 

“Among the compensation touted for non-native communities with the ‘Peace River Regional District’ is a legacy fund that would pay the district $2.4 million per year, indexed to inflation over 70 years, once the dam starts generating electricity.  

“B.C. Hydro is seeking to build a 1,100-megawatt dam that would flood 83 kilometres of the Peace River from almost Fort St. John upriver to Hudson’s Hope. The dam would be 1,050 metres long and 60 metres high and would also flood 14 kilometres of the Halfway River and 10 kilometres of the Moberly River…”

–‘First Nations’ split over B.C. Hydro’s Site C dam megaproject’,
Larry Pynn, Victoria Times Colonist, December 9, 2013

http://www.timescolonist.com/entertainment/first-nations-split-over-b-c-hydro-s-site-c-dam-megaproject-1.751989 site-c-work-camp‘Work begins on massive work camp for Site C dam’  

“Work is about to begin in Northeastern B.C. on a massive work camp to house thousands of workers coming to build the ‘Site C’ hydroelectric dam. 

“When it is completed, the camp on the northern bank of the Peace River will be a self-contained community, with its own sewage and water systems and facilities that rival nearby Fort St. John. 

“It is expected to house 1,800 workers when it opens early next year, with the ability to expand to eventually house 2,200 at the height of construction on the $9 billion dam.  

“At its peak, the camp is expected to bump up the population of the Fort St. John area by more than 10%. It will be so large it will have its own theatre, outdoor fields, indoor running track, a library and a spiritual centre. 

“BC Hydro spokesman David Conway said the aim is to attract and keep workers with quality amenities, including guest rooms featuring double beds, en suite bathrooms and wifi. 

    “The quality of worker accommodation is a key component of the project’s labour approach to attract and retain workers in what is expected to be a period of high demand for skilled workers”, he said. 

“ATCO subsidiary ‘Two Rivers Lodging Group’ won the contract to build the work camp. But before construction of the camp begins, the contractor has to build its own smaller camp to house the workers who will build the larger camp…” 

–‘ Work begins on massive work camp for Site C dam’,  
CBC News, Sept. 14, 2015  

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/work-begins-on-massive-work-camp-for-site-c-dam-1.3227002 

SiteC - Temporary Trailers (BCHydro)
SiteC – Temporary Trailers (BCHydro)

“Construction of the $8.8-billion dam is expected to take almost a decade, and site prep is expected to be finished by early 2016. So far, that has included building roads, clearing land, excavation and building housing for workers. 

“There have been 900 metres of public road improvements completed since July, and another 15 kilometres of access roads are under construction within the dam area. 

“More than 5.3 square kilometres of land has been cleared as part of the site preparation, and more than one million cubic metres of material has been excavated. 

“A 1,600-person lodge is being constructed to house workers, and there is already a temporary 300-person work camp onsite. More than 600 people are currently working on the project…”  

–‘Site C hits 100-day mark’,
Nicholas Johansen, Castanet (Kelowna), Nov. 4, 2015 

http://www.castanet.net/news/BC/151176/Site-Chits-100-day-mark  

Site-C-Dam-Artist-ConceptFrom Dec., 2014:

‘Site C dam approved by B.C. government’  

“B.C. has approved the $8.8 billion ‘Site C’ dam…  

“Energy Minister Bill Bennett said B.C.’s electricity rates are the third lowest in North America and the fourth lowest for commercial and industrial users. 

“But he said B.C.’s population is expected to increase by more than a million people and the province’s electricity demand to grow by 40% over the next 20 years…  

“He said no one knows what the cost of coal or natural gas will be over the next 20 years, and hydroelectric power has the advantage of being relatively clean.  

“The Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs is drawing a line in the sand declaring that Site C 

“will never see the light of day.”

    “We believe it to be an incredibly short-sighted and stupid decision”, said Grand Chief Stewart Philip.“It’s not about the money. It’s about the environment, it’s about the land — about constitutional rights, treaty rights and so on and so forth. It’s about a way of life.” 

–‘Site C dam approved by B.C. government’,
CBC News, Dec. 16, 2014

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/site-c-dam-approved-by-b-c-government-1.2874433 site-c--project-location-map“The ‘Site C’ hydroelectric dam is the third of four major dams initially proposed in the mid-1950s for the Peace River Valley in northeastern B.C. 

“The three dams were designed to be part of a power-generating package that reuses water for each dam downstream.  

“When it was completed, the dam was the largest earth-filled structure ever built, creating the Williston Lake reservoir, the largest lake in British Columbia. 

“’Site A’, the first in the series, became the ‘W.A.C. Bennett Dam’, which was built in 1967, 19 kilometres west of Hudson’s Hope.

“Construction of the dam and reservoir sparked significant controversy because it flooded 350,000 acres of forested-land…  

“In 1980,  the ‘Peace Canyon Dam’ or ‘Site B’ was built 23 kilometres downstream from the ‘W.A.C. Bennett Dam’. 

“Fifty metres tall and 534 metres long, the dam re-uses water already used to generate electricity from the ‘WAC Bennett Dam’.  

“Early plans developed in the 1950s called for the third dam, ‘Site C’, to be built 83 kilometres downstream from the ‘Peace Canyon Dam’, about seven kilometres southwest of Fort St. John, but it was never built.  

“The provincial government rejected the ‘Site C’ dam proposal in 1982 and again in 1989 following ‘B.C. Utilities Commission’ hearings, deciding it didn’t need the extra electricity. 

“Plans for the fourth dam in the series, ‘Site E’, to be built near the B.C.- Alberta border were shelved during the 1982 hearing. However, for the last 10 years, BC Hydro has been sounding the alarm about the growing demand for electricity. 

“In  April 2010, the B.C. government under then premier Gordon Campbell, resurrected the ‘Site C’ proposal and moved it to the regulatory review phase. 

“BC Hydro says the dam will provide approximately 1100 megawatts of power, generating about 4,600 gigawatt hours of electricity each year — enough electricity to power more than 400,000 homes. 

“Because it is the third project in a one-river system, Hydro says Site C will gain significant efficiencies as it will use water already stored in the WAC Bennett Dam’s Williston Lake Reservoir. Hydro claims ‘Site C’ will generate about 30% of the energy produced at the ‘W.A.C Bennett Dam’, with only five per cent of the reservoir area.  

“The original announcement called for the site to be operational for domestic energy production by 2020 but it is already behind that schedule by a number of years. Once construction starts, it’s estimated the dam will take about eight years to build and cost about $8.5 billion.  

“B.C. Hydro forecasts it will need additional sources of electricity by 2028. It purposely calls the dam, the “Site C Clean Energy Project” claiming it will produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions for the amount of energy supplied than any other source except nuclear power. 

“The dam reservoir would require the flooding of approximately 5,500 hectares of land and more than 83 kilometres of river valley along the Peace River and its tributaries. This would include over 3,000 hectares of wildlife habitats, heritage sites, and Class 1 and Class 2 agricultural land. 

“Members of the Treaty 8 ‘First Nations’ boycotted the official announcement ceremony at the Bennett Dam in April 2010 and have launched a lawsuit opposed the dam. The ‘First Nations’ say the destruction of the valley and the obliteration of a number of sacred sites would have a devastating impact…”  

–‘Site C’ dam: How we got here and what you need to know’,
Mike Clarke, CBC News, Dec 16, 2014  

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/site-c-dam-how-we-got-here-and-what-you-need-to-know-1.2874998 ERBLAllIsNotWellInBC600x600See also:
‘Indians Vow To Stop B.C. Dam Construction‘ (December 12, 2013): https://www.facebook.com/ENDRACEBASEDLAW/photos/a.336196793149227.59519.332982123470694/434009903367915/?type=3&theater 

‘All Is Not Well In B.C.’ {September 19, 2015}: https://www.facebook.com/ENDRACEBASEDLAW/photos/a.336196793149227.59519.332982123470694/675343275901242/?type=3 

‘Environmental Extremism and Race Based Law’ {August 6, 2015}: https://www.facebook.com/ENDRACEBASEDLAW/photos/a.336196793149227.59519.332982123470694/658974950871408/?type=3
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http://endracebasedlaw.com/petition

mail to: endracebasedlawpetition@gmail.com  

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